Lawn Care

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Over 25 years of experience has given our Lawn specialists the training and expertise to tailor solutions to your lawn's specific needs. We will carry out a free Lawn Analysis and provide a program of care which will produce a healthy, distinctive lawn for you and your family to enjoy and that will enhance your landscape through every season.

Our specialist services will be delivered by our experienced staff, using the latest technology and products that are safe, practical and effective. You can be assured that Salcey will recommend the appropriate treatments for your lawn and its environment.

Fertilisation

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Regular fertilisation is key to the health and appearance of a lawn. The right balance of nutrients fed into the soil makes it better equipped to withstand the extremes of cold, hot and drought weather and the best defence against moss and weeds is lush grass with sound roots on well aerated soil.

The root system is the origin of nutrients for grass plants and therefore the soil should provide a rich source. The essential nutrients are 1) Phosphorous - required to enhance root and shoot development, 2) Nitrogen - essential for stem and leaf growth and greening up, and 3) Potassium - key to improving the overall health of the grass. Other trace elements such as Iron, Magnesium and Sulpher can also play a part in improving health and appearance.

The best way to ensure that nutrient levels are sustained is applying fertiliser several times a year. Salcey’s experienced technicians will make certain that your lawn has the most appropriate fertilizer at the right time and in the right proportions.

Scarification

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Scarification is the process of removing thatch from a lawn. Thatch is a layer of leaves, dead grass clippings and other organic debris that falls on the lawn and forms at the base of the grass stems. As the layer increases in density it blocks the flow of water, air moisture and nutrients into soil where it is required by the grass roots.

Salcey’s lawn technicians will remove thatch using machines with vertical blades that slice through the thatch and scrape the soil surface removing it. However, scarification can be hard on lawns particularly those that have high levels of thatch and moss which can appear bare afterwards. Such cases may require over seeding, top soil and careful watering to recover. We recommend that scarification is carried out after an application of moss control and during a period when natural moisture is forecast to help the recovery process.

Scarification should not be confused with lawn raking which is relatively good at removing moss but has little effect on surface thatch.

Moss Treatment

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Moss does not have roots and obtains its nutrients from moisture and thrives in damp and shady areas. Moss will develop rapidly in lawns that have damp thatch. Also, compacted or poorly drained soil that has a damp surface, offers a perfect environment for moss to flourish. Identifying the reasons why moss is developing in your lawn may help to reduce the amount of moss that appears in later years. Salcey’s lawn care specialists will consult with you in this process.

If you have poorly drained soil, the lawn needs to be aerated regularly. Thatch will also need to be removed by scarification. Simply raking the lawn while removing moss, will not remove the thatch.

If the lawn is raked while the moss is still alive and green it will spread the moss spores across your lawn. If we apply moss control we will leave it for two weeks or until the moss has turned brown, then return to scarify and aerate your lawn.

Weed Treatment

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Weeds are highly adaptable and spread quickly. Whether you have newly laid weed free turf or areas of weak grass coverage, weeds will start to appear rapidly. Whereas many traditional herbicides purchased at garden centres provide only temporary weed control with weeds growing back after a few weeks, Salcey Lawn Care uses herbicides that will control weeds and kill them from the root ensuring that a particular plant does not re-appear. We can control all commonly found weeds in your garden as well as difficult and unusual weeds.

Aeration

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Aeration is the most effective way of reducing soil compaction and the presence of sub-surface thatch. Compaction is the closing up of air spaces between particles of soil, reducing drainage and the flow of gases between the atmosphere and root. Normal development of grass roots can therefore be hindered.

Salcey’s experts will aerate your lawn by a process called Hollow Tine Aeration using specialist equipment that will produce professional results. This involves removing cores, each about the size of a small finger, allowing the earth to expand reducing compaction, and increasing the flow of moisture and air to penetrate into the soil to the roots.

If your lawn does not have a thick layer of thatch, Spiking Solid Tine aeration may be carried out instead. In this instance, spikes or blades enter the soil breaking up the compaction. This improves the flow of moisture from the soil surface and allows nutrients and gases to reach the roots, and reduces the conditions that encourage moss.

Aeration will not solve chronic drainage problems although it will improve the flow of moisture from the surface helping it to dry out quicker. Our lawn care specialists will advise you on the best course of action should your lawn be suffering from this.

Over Seeding

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Where a lawn has died as a result of disease, pests or thin growth from poor fertility of the soil and lack of feeding, seed can be sowed into areas that are bare. Spring and Autumn are the best times to over seed to use the natural rainfall as moisture. However, you can sow during the Summer if you are prepared to water although results may not be as good.

Lawn Diseases

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There are many diseases that can affect your lawn. Salcey’s expert staff will assess the symptoms, identify the disease and advise on the appropriate program of care to return your grass to health. Below are some of the most common diseases that are found on lawns.

Red Thread

This disease usually occurs late summer after periods of high humidity. The lawn will gradually show small brown patches of dying grass with red threads on the grass stalks. Common causes are high humidity, lawns with poor fertility and/or blunt mower blades smashing the grass ends.

Fairy Rings

This disease is identifiable by a circle or ring of lush grass growth. There may be an area of dead brown grass in the middle of the circle depending on the type of fungus causing the ring.

Fusarium Patch

Visible by yellow brown patches in your lawn mainly, but not exclusively, during autumn and winter months and a white/grey coloured mould particularly in shaded areas. Lawns receiving too much nitrogen feed are susceptible, as are lawns on compacted soil. Aerating and ensuring the grass receives a balanced fertiliser feed program can cure fusarium patch. Serious infections will require treatment with fungicide.

Dry Patch

During periods of dry weather a fungus can develop around the soil particles which repels the water droplets in the soil. A severe case of dry patch will result in the soil almost being unable to absorb water and any rain will simply run across the surface of the soil. Moisture is unable to reach to the roots and grass suffers. Aerating your soil together with an application of a wetting agent to tackle the fungal disease, will improve water absorption and benefit the grass.

Snow Mould

This occurs at cool times of the year and characterised by the appearance of brown patches followed by fluffy white growth.

Other diseases can also be found in a lawn including Slime Mould, Dollar Spot and Leaf Spot. In all cases, Salcey’s lawn experts will be able to identify the problem and recommend the appropriate course of treatment.

Lawn Pests

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Pests can infest your lawn and cause damage. Salceys lawn experts will assess the symptoms and advise on the appropriate program of care to return your grass to health. Below are two pests commonly found in lawns.

Common Name - Leatherjacket
Scientific Name - Tipula Paludosa
Leatherjacket

In Britain over recent years we have been experiencing longer periods of warmer weather with our winters becoming milder. This has led to an increase in the population of crane flies that can still be seen in gardens as late as September time. These flies commonly lay their eggs in grassed areas. Over the winter and spring the eggs hatch and the larvae, or leatherjackets, feed off the roots and young shoots of the lawn. Brown patches and dying grass become visible and a program of treatment required.

Common Name - Chafer Grubs - The Larvae of the Chafer Beetle
Scientific Name - Phylopertha Horticola
Chafer Grub

The larvae of the Chafer Beetle can exert considerable damage to lawns. The grub feed on the roots of the lawn turf during spring and summer and in the most severe cases, the roots of a lawn can be so seriously damaged that the turf can be rolled up like a carpet.

The Chafer grub in the image is well advanced. Younger grubs will not have the legs formed .

As well as brown patches of turf other indicators of the existence of leatherjackets and chafer grubs are a congregation of birds pecking down into the lawn and animals such as foxes and moles which scratch into lawns in search of this food source.

If you think you may have an infestation of either pest, contact your local Salcey office who will be able to advise you on the appropriate course of action to return your lawn to health.


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